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Topic : World's 'first war' was in Sudan 13,400 years ago
2021호 6면
TITLE : World's 'first war' was in Sudan 13,400 years ago

World's 'first war' was in Sudan 13,400 years ago 

Earliest known war was a repeated conflict in Sudan 13,400 years ago | New  Scientist



A new study has led archaeologists to believe that the world's first war was in Sudan. Researchers from France and the UK have re-examined 61 human skeletons from a site at Jebel Sahaba in the Nile Valley in Northern Sudan. The skeletons are 13,400 years old and were uncovered in the 1960s. For decades, scientists believed the millennia-old humans were killed in a one-off massacre. 


New research on injuries sustained by the early humans revealed that they were killed during a longer war that took place over several years. The skeletons are now regarded as evidence of the earliest example of organized warfare between humans. Furthermore, the war was probably triggered by climate change.


The researchers conducted a deeper investigation into injuries on the skeletons found at Jebel Sahaba. The scientists said the injuries were as a result of weapons such as arrows and spears. They were likely sustained during a series of conflicts or battles over several decades. The researchers believe conflicts arose as rival tribes competed for food and water that were in limited supply because of dramatic changes in climate 11,000 to 20,000 years ago. 


At this time, ice covered a lot of the Northern Hemisphere. This caused flooding and major changes to the availability of farmland. A researcher said: "These changes were not gradual at all. People had to survive these changes, which were brutal."



Source: https://breakingnewsenglish.com/2105/210530-first-ever-war.html



Where are the researchers from who conducted this research?
When were the skeletons first uncovered?
How many massacres did scientists once believe killed the people?
How long do scientists believe a war was?
What do scientists regard the skeletons as being the earliest example of?
What kind of weapons resulted in the death of the ancient people?
Over what period of time do scientists think battles happened?
Who did researchers say competed for food and water?
What does the article say covered the Northern Hemisphere?
What did a researcher say the changes in climate were?


What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'war'?
Why do humans go to war so often?
What wars are going on at the moment?
What will it take to end war forever?
What would war have looked like 13,000 years ago?
How brutal would war have been thousands of years ago?
Will there be water wars in the future?
What was the worst war ever?
How might climate change trigger wars in the future?


skeletons - an internal or external framework of bone, cartilage, or other rigid material supporting or containing the body of an animal or plant.
rival- . a person, company, product, etc. competing with others for the same thing or in the same area
brutal.- savagely violent.
gradual - taking place or progressing slowly or by degrees.
sustained - continuing for an extended period or without interruption.